Failure Criteria Analysis of Laminate Composite Materials

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Laboratoire de Mécanique Appliquée, Université des Sciences et de la Technologie d’Oran , Algéira

2 Laboratoire de Recherche des Technologies Industrielles, Université Ibn Khaldoun de Tiaret, Algéira

3 Département de Génie Mécanique, Université d’Oran, Algéira


This paper deals with the development of a numerical simulation methodology for estimating damages in laminate composite materials caused by a low-speed impact. Experimental tests were performed on laminate plates reinforced with woven carbon fibers and epoxy resin. Three thickness plates were evaluated. The impact loads were transversal and punctual. Two lamina failure criteria were evaluated. The first is the maximum stress. The second is a proposed modification of the Hashin failure criterion. Four lamina degradation criteria were evaluated too. The numerical contact loads between the plate and impactor were well represented. The numerical damaged areas and lengths were similar or greater than the experimental results.


[1] Lakshminarayana H. V., Murthy S. S. A., 1984, Shear-flexible triangular finite element model for laminated composite plates, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering 20: 591- 623.
[2] Luo R. K., Green E. R., Morrison C. J., 1999, Impact damage analysis of composite plates, International Journal of Impact Engineering 22: 435-447.
[3] Zhao G. P., Cho C. D., 2007, Damage initiation and propagation in composite shells subjected to impact, Composite Structures 78: 91-100.
[4] Ganapathy S., Rao K. P., 1998, Failure analysis of laminated composite cylindrical/spherical shell panels subjected to low-velocity impact, Computers and Structures 68: 627-641.
[5] Li C. F., Hu N., Yin Y. J., 2002, Low-velocity impact-induced damage of continuous fiber- reinforced composite laminates, Part I: An fem numerical model, Composites Part A-Applied Science and Manufacturing 33: 1055-1062.
[6] Li C. F., Hu N., Cheng J. G., 2002, Low-velocity impact-induced damage of continuous fiber-reinforced composite laminates, Part II: Verification and numerical investigation, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing 33: 1063-1072.
[7] Sahli A., Boufeldja S., Kebdani S., Rahmani O., 2014, Failure analysis of anisotropic plates by the boundary element method, Journal of Mechanics 30: 561-570.
[8] NIU M. C. Y. ,1992, Composite Airframe Structure Practical Design Information and Data, Hong Kong, Conmilit Press.
[9] icardi U., Locatto S., Longo A., 2007, Assessment of recent theories for predicting failures of composite laminates, Applied Mechanics Reviews 60(2): 76-86.
[10] Matthews F.L., Rawlings R.D., 1994, Composite Materials: Engineering and Science, Chapman & Hall, London.
[11] Mendonça Paulo de Tarso R., 2005, Composite Materials and Sandwich Structures : Design and Analysis, Barueri.
[12] Jenkins C. F., 1920, Report on Materials of Construction Used in Aircraft and in Aircraft Engines, Great Britain Aeronautical Research Committee, London.
[13] Tsai S. W., Wu E. M., 1971, A general theory of strength for anisotropic materials, Journal of Composite Materials 5(1): 58-80.
[14] Hashin Z., Rotem A., 1973, A fatigue failure criterion for fiber reinforced materials, Journal of Composite Materials 7: 448-464.
[15] Hashin Z., 1980, Failure criteria for unidirectional fiber composites, Journal of Applied Mechanics 47: 329-334.
[16] Hinton M.J., Kaddour A.S., Soden P.D., 2002, A comparison of the predictive capabilities of current failure theories for composite laminates, judge against experimental evidence, Composites Science and Technology 62(12-13): 1725-1797.
[17] Hinton M.J., Soden P.D., 1998, Predicting failure in composite laminates: the background to the exercise, Composites Science and Technology 58(7): 1001-1010.