Shot-peening is a surface treatments utilized extensively in the industry to enhance the performance of metal parts against fatigue. This paper aimed to find the optimal parameters of the shot-peening process based on the finite elements model and the Taguchi method. The effects of three peening parameters (shot diameter, shot velocity, coverage percentage) are investigated on residual stress and roughness using Taguchi method. A new Taguchi technique is proposed by combining it with desirability function to optimize the shot-peening parameters that simultaneously provide two or more responses in an optimal mode. The results show that the coverage percentage has the most influence on the surface stress and maximum compressive stress whereas the velocity and diameter of the shot are the most effective parameters on the depth of compression stress. The shot velocity is the main factor of the surface roughness due to the shot peening. Through the proposed structure, optimal conditions can be obtained for surface stress and roughness simultaneously with high-coverage and low-velocity. Eventually, results reveal the effectiveness of the proposed strategy in stand point of saving time and cost.