Dynamic Stability of Laminated Composite Plates with an External Smart Damper

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Mechanical Engineering , Ferdowsi University of Mashhad , Mashhad, Iran


The dynamic stability of a composite plate with external electrorheological (ER) damper subjected to an axial periodic load is investigated. Electrorheological fluids are a class of smart materials, which exhibit reversible changes in mechanical properties when subjected to an electric field. As a result, the dynamic behavior of the structure is changed. The ER damper is used for suppressing the vibrations and improving the stability of the system. The Bingham plastic model is employed to express the behavior of the ER fluid. The finite element model of the structure is developed and constant acceleration average method is used to obtain the response of the system. Effect of different parameters such as the electric field, the orientation of the ER damper, the initial gap between the two electrodes of the ER damper and the stacking sequences of the plate on the first instability boundaries of the composite plate are investigated. 


[1] Simitses G.J., 1987, Stability of dynamically loaded structures, Applied Mechanics Reviews 40(10): 1403-1408.
[2] Moorthy J., Reddy J.N., 1990, Parametric instability of laminated composite plates with transverse shear deformation, International Journal of Solids Structures 26(7): 801-811.
[3] Shivamoggi B. K., 1977, Dynamic buckling of thin elastic plate: nonlinear theory, Journal of Sound and Vibration 54 (l) : 75-82.
[4] Chen L.W., Yang J.Y., 1990, Dynamic stability of laminated composite plates by the finite element method, Computers and Structures 36(5): 845-851.
[5] Kwon Y.W., 1991, Finite element analysis of dynamic instability of layered composite plates using a high-order bending theory, Computers and Structures 38(1): 57-62.
[6] Sahu S.K., Datta P.K., 2000, Dynamic instability of laminated composite rectangular plates subjected to non-uniform harmonic in-plane edge loading, in: Proceedings of the IMECH E Part G, Journal of Aerospace Engineering 214(5): 295-312.
[7] Hoseinzadeh M., Rezaeepazhand J., 2011, Dynamic buckling of perforated metallic cylindrical panels reinforced with composite patches, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites 30(18): 1519-1528.
[8] Park W.C., Choi S.B., Suh M.S., 1999, Material characteristics of an ER fluid and its influence on damping forces of an ER damper Part II: damping forces, Materials and Design 20: 325-330.
[9] Lee H.G., Choi S.B., 2002, Dynamic properties of an ER fluid under shear and flow modes, Materials and Design 23: 69-76.
[10] El Wahed A.K., Sproston J.L., Stanway R., Williams E.W., 2003, An improved model of ERfluids in squeeze-flow through model updating of the estimated yield stress, Journal of Sound and Vibration 268: 581-599.
[11] Nakamura T., Saga N., Nakazawa M., 2004, Variable viscous control of a homogeneous ER fluid device considering its dynamic characteristics, Mechatronics 14: 55-68.
[12] Patil S.S., Gawade S.S., Patil S.R., 2011, Electrorheological Fluid Damper for Vibration Reduction in Rotary System, International Journal of Fluids Engineering 3(3): 325-333.
[13] Sung K.G., Han Y.M., Cho J.W., Choi S.B., 2008, Vibration control of vehicle ER suspension system using fuzzy moving sliding mode controller, Journal of Sound and Vibration 311: 1004-1019.
[14] Hong S. R., Choi S. B., Lee D. Y., 2006, Comparison of vibration control performance between flow and squeeze mode ER mounts: Experimental work, Journal of Sound and Vibration 291 :740-748.
[15] Kim J., Kim J.Y., Choi S.B.,2003, Material characterization of ER fluids at high frequency, Journal of Sound and Vibration 267 : 57-65.
[16] Yeh J. Y., Chen L. W., 2004, Vibration of a sandwich plate with a constrained layer and electrorheological fluid core, Composite Structures 65: 251-258.
[17] Yeh J.Y., Chen L.W., 2005, Dynamic stability of a sandwich plate with a constraining layer and electrorheological fluid core, Journal of Sound and Vibration 285: 637-652.
[18] Mohammadi F., Sedaghati R., 2012, Vibration analysis and design optimization of sandwich cylindrical panels fully and partially treated with electrorheological fluid materials, Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 23: 1679-1697.
[19] Pahlavan L., Rezaeepazhand J., 2007, Dynamic response analysis and vibration control of a cantilever beam with a squeeze-mode electrorheological damper, Smart Materials and Structures 16: 2183-2189.
[20] Rezaeepazhand J., Pahlavan L., 2009, Transient response of sandwich beams with electrorheological core, Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 20: 171-179.
[21] Tabassian R., Rezaeepazhand J., 2012, Stability of smart sandwich beams with cross-ply faces and electrorheological core subjected to axial load, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites 31: 55-64.
[22] Jung W.J., Jeong W.B., Hong S.R., Choi S.B., 2004, Vibration control of a flexible beam structure using squeeze-mode ER mounts, Journal of Sound and Vibration 273: 185-199.
[23] Owen D.R.J., Hinton E., 1980, Finite Elements in Plasticity: Theory and Practice, Pineridge Press, Swansea.