Effect of Follower Force on Vibration Frequency of Magneto-Strictive-Faced Sandwich Plate with CNTR Composite Core

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Electrical Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran


This study deals with the vibration response of sandwich plate with nano-composite core and smart magneto-strictive face sheets. Composite core is reinforced by carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and its effective elastic properties are obtained by the rule of Mixture. Terfenol-D films are used as the face sheets of sandwich due to magneto-mechanical coupling in magneto-strictive material (MsM). In order to investigate the magnetization effect on the vibration characteristics of sandwich plate, a feedback control system is utilized. Also the sandwich plate undergoes the follower forces in opposite direction of x. Based on energy method, equations of motions are derived using Reddy’s third order shear deformation theory, and Hamilton’s principle and solved by differential quadrature method (DQM). A detailed numerical study is carried out based on third-order shear deformation theory to indicate the significant effect of follower forces, volume fraction of CNTs, temperature change, core-to-face sheet thickness ratio and controller effect of velocity feedback gain on dimensionless frequency of sandwich plate. These finding can be used to automotive industry, aerospace and building industries.


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