Two-Dimensional Elasticity Solution for Arbitrarily Supported Axially Functionally Graded Beams

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781039, India


First time, an analytical two-dimensional (2D) elasticity solution for arbitrarily supported axially functionally graded (FG) beam is developed. Linear gradation of the material property along the axis of the beam is considered. Using the strain displacement and constitutive relations, governing partial differential equations (PDEs) is obtained by employing Ressiner mixed variational principle. Then PDEs are reduced to two set of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) by using recently developed extended Kantorovich method. The set of 4n ODEs along the z-direction has constant coefficients. But, the set of 4n nonhomogeneous ODEs along x-direction has variable coefficients which is solved using modified power series method. Efficacy and accuracy of the present methodology are verified thoroughly with existing literature and 2D finite element solution. Effect of axial gradation, boundary conditions and configuration lay-ups are investigated. It is found that axial gradation influence vary with boundary conditions. These benchmark results can be used for assessing 1D beam theories and further present formulation can be extended to develop solutions for 2D micro or Nanobeams.  


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