Reliability-Based Robust Multi-Objective Optimization of Friction Stir Welding Lap Joint AA1100 Plates

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Automotive Simulation and Optimal Design Research Laboratory, School of Automotive Engineering, Tehran, Iran

2 University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran



The current paper presents a robust optimum design of friction stir welding (FSW) lap joint AA1100 aluminum alloy sheets using Monte Carlo simulation, NSGA-II and neural network. First, to find the relation between the inputs and outputs a perceptron neural network model was obtained. In this way, results of thirty friction stir welding tests are used for training and testing the neural network. Using such obtained neural network model, for the reliability robust design of the FSW, a multi-objective genetic algorithm is employed. In this way, the statistical moments of the forces, temperature, strength, elongation, micro-hardness of welded zone, grain size and welded zone thickness are considered as the conflicting objectives. The optimization process was followed by multi criteria decision making process, NIP and TOPSIS, to propose optimum points for each of the pin profiles. It is represented that some beneficial design principles are involved in FSW which were discovered by the proposed optimization process.


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