Analysis of Coupled Nonlinear Radial-Axial Vibration of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Using Numerical Methods

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shahryar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahryar, Iran

2 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini, Shahre Rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran



This paper investigates the nonlinear coupled radial-axial vibration of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) based on numerical methods. Two coupled partial differential equations that govern the nonlinear coupled radial-axial vibration for such nanotube are derived using nonlocal doublet mechanics (DM) theory. To obtain the nonlinear natural frequencies in coupled radial-axial vibration mode, these equations are solved using Homotopy perturbation method (HPM). It is found that the coupled radial-axial vibrational frequencies are complicated due to coupling between two vibration modes. The influences of some commonly used boundary conditions, changes in vibration modes and variations of the nanotubes geometrical parameters on the nonlinear coupled radial-axial vibration characteristics of SWCNTs are discussed. It was shown that boundary conditions and maximum vibration velocity play significant roles in the nonlinear coupled radial-axial vibration response of SWCNTs. It was shown that unlike the linear one, the nonlinear natural frequencies are dependent to maximum vibration velocity. Increasing the maximum vibration velocity increases the natural frequency of vibration compared to the prediction of the linear model. However, with increase in tube length, the effect of the maximum vibration velocity on the natural frequencies decreases. It was also shown that the amount and variation of nonlinear natural frequencies are more apparent in higher vibration modes and two clamped boundary conditions. To show the accuracy and capability of this method, the results obtained herein are compared with the fourth order Runge-Kuta numerical results and also with the other available results and good agreement is observed. It is notable that the results generated herein are new and can be served as a benchmark for future works.