Coupled Axial-Radial Vibration of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Via Doublet Mechanics

Document Type: Research Paper


Young Researchers and Elite Club, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH) Shahr-e-Rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran



This paper investigates the coupled axial-radial (CAR) vibration of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) based on doublet mechanics (DM) with a scale parameter. Two coupled forth order partial differential equations that govern the CAR vibration of SWCNTs are derived. It is the first time that DM is used to model the CAR vibration of SWCNTs. To obtain the natural frequency and dynamic response of the CAR vibration, the equations of motion are solved and the relation between natural frequencies and scale parameter is derived. It is found that there are two frequencies in the frequency spectrum and these CAR vibrational frequencies are complicated due to coupling between two vibration modes. The advantage of these analytical formulas is that they are explicitly dependent to scale parameter and chirality effect. The influence of changing some geometrical and mechanical parameters of SWCNT on its CAR frequencies has been investigated, too. It is shown that the chirality and scale parameter play significant role in the CAR vibration response of SWCNTs. The scale parameter decreases the higher band CAR frequency compared to the predictions of the classical continuum models. However, with increase in tube radius and length, the effect of the scale parameter on the natural frequencies decreases. The lower band CAR frequency is nearly independent to scale effect and tube diameter. The CAR frequencies of SWCNTs decrease as the length of the tube increases. This decreasing is higher for higher band CAR frequency. To show the accuracy and ability of this method, the results obtained herein are compared with the existing theoretical and experimental results and good agreement is observed.


Main Subjects

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